Saturn gives off more heat than it absorbs from the Sun

9. Diameter of Saturn is 119,871 km (74,500 miles).

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  • TAG : Saturns rings and moons, shown to scale. Credit: NASA
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  • Like other Cronian satellites, Rhea has a rather heavily cratered surface, and a few large fractures on its trailing hemisphere. Rhea also has two very – the Tirawa crater (similar to Odysseus on Tethys) and an as-yet unnamed crater – that measure 400 and 500 km across, respectively.

    In June of 2004, the space probe entered the Saturn system and conducted a close flyby of Phoebe, sending back high-resolution images and data. By July 1st, 2004, the probe entered orbit around Saturn, and by December, it had completed two flybys of Titan before releasing the Huygens probe. This lander reached the surface and began transmitting data on the atmospheric and surface by by Jan. 14th, 2005. has since conducted multiple flybys of Titan and other icy satellites.

  • In addition, photographs have revealed a previously undiscovered planetary ring, eight new satellites, and evidence of hydrocarbon lakes and seas near Titan’s north pole. The probe was also responsible for sending back high-resolution images of the intense storm activity at Saturn’s northern and southern poles.

    From being a very important part of the astrological systems of many cultures to becoming the subject of ongoing scientific fascination, Saturn continues to occupy a special place in our hearts and minds. Whether it’s Saturn’s fantastically large and beautiful ring system, its many many moons, its tempestuous weather, or its curious composition, this gas giant continues to fascinate and inspire.

    Saturn Statistics
    Mass (kg)5.688e+26
    Mass (Earth = 1)9.5181e+01
    Equatorial radius (km)60,268
    Equatorial radius (Earth = 1)9.4494e+00
    Mean density (gm/cm^3)0.69
    Mean distance from the Sun (km)1,429,400,000
    Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1)9.5388
    Rotational period (hours)10.233
    Orbital period (years)29.458
    Mean orbital velocity (km/sec)9.67
    Orbital eccentricity0.0560
    Tilt of axis (degrees)25.33
    Orbital inclination (degrees)2.488
    Equatorial surface gravity (m/sec^2)9.05
    Equatorial escape velocity (km/sec)35.49
    Visual geometric albedo0.47
    Magnitude (Vo)0.67
    Mean cloud temperature-125°C
    Atmospheric pressure (bars)1.4
    Atmospheric composition
    Hydrogen
    Helium

    97%
    3%

  • Saturn is the furthest planet from Earth that can be seen without the help of a telescope.

    In August 1981, conducted its flyby and gathered more close-up images of Saturn’s moons, as well as evidence of changes in the atmosphere and the rings. The probes discovered and confirmed several new satellites orbiting near or within the planet’s rings, as well as the small Maxwell Gap and Keeler gap (a 42 km wide gap in the A Ring).

Here you’ll find the answers to all of your Saturn questions

Further studies from measurements of Enceladus's libration as it orbits Saturn strongly suggest that the entire icy crust is detached from the rocky core, which would mean that the ocean beneath its surface is planet-wide. The amount of libration implies that this global ocean is about 26 to 31 kilometers in depth (compared to Earth's average ocean depth of 3.7 kilometers).